PPMP20007 Project Management Concepts

Table of Contents


Case Study: Quotapark Shared Footpath

Construction and Domain Engineering

A high-level plan to continuously improve an organisation must be outlined and justified in an essay.

You must describe every aspect of your continuous improvement plan as fully as possible.



This paper is based upon the continuous improvement plan for Quota Path Shared Footpath.

The plan is based upon the engineering and construction domains of the park, including the construction of footpaths, bikeways, as well walkways into it with the following local and federal safety regulations.

Footpath work safety plan is one of the measures taken to construct the footpath.

The project manager examines the tender document and determines that footpath construction requires changes to meet the client’s needs.

Walking is the best way to access the park’s footpath.

This paper is based upon the continuous improvement plan for Quota Park Shared footpath project plan.

This paper focuses on improving the project plan to improve the paths.

The improvement process includes identifying improvement areas, organizing a team to study the process and making recommendations for improvements.

This paper contains the necessary standards and technical solutions for the problems encountered in the Quota park tender document.

Quota Path Shared footpath – Continuous Improvement Plan

Quota Path Shared Footpath’s tender document provides both walking and cycling paths into the park.

The Quota Park tender document clearly identifies the owner of the footpaths.

They are also considering the roles and responsibilities of local communities who use them (Bredenoord 2016,).

It is possible to maintain the vital infrastructure level with the financial resources available.

Local communities are working to improve the roads and offer their resources in the form free labor.

Willar and Willar 2017, a community group, will coordinate the improvement plan and maintain the path.

Quota park’s technical guidelines for footpath construction and design address the major problems encountered in footpaths. These include alignment and set-out, drainage, drainage, and simple crossing of water.

To sustain the hard work done to improve the paths, it is important that the footpaths are maintained (Bay 2014).

Stone paths can be used in areas with poor surfaces.

Stone footpaths should be constructed in an improved manner.

Planning is the first step in improving the footpath.

Planning is essential to ensure that the work is done according to client requirements.

Planning involves technical issues like identifying the footpath’s functions and users, selecting design standards and improving the new construction plan. Estimation of resources and monitoring work are also important (Goetsch & Davis 2014).

The footpaths must be improved and technical assistance requested from communities who use them.

They are the client, and provide most of the resources like labour.

The community should provide technical assistance but also consult with all planning stages and organizations to implement the plan (Oakland, 2014).

The implementation of the Quota park improvement plan is possible with the help of the community.

A written agreement should be made regarding the improvement plan that clearly outlines the community’s inputs and responsibilities.

The community group must include a good illustration of those who use the footpaths. This is essential before the actual planning phase begins.

This is done using a mapping exercise (Rahman Hamid, Islam 2016).

To show the components of the Quota Park Footpath, a sketch diagram is drawn on the ground.

The community group should draw a map on a large piece of paper and mark the key features of the footpath. Finally, they should collect any maps from the district authorities (Copeland Zarbo, Varney 2016, Varney 2016).

It is important to collect information about the footpath’s functions.

It is necessary to gather information about both walkers and cyclists (Martin & Osterling 2014).

These data will also help determine the design standard for the path.

A wide path that is only used for walking purposes will waste this data.

A survey should be done by the project manager to determine the type of users who use the path. (Goetsch & Davis 2014).

The survey factors include the number of footpath users per day, their origin, the type of users, gender, age, and the weight of the loads.

This is in addition to the continuous improvement of the Quota Park Shared Footpath design standard.

Based on the analysis of the survey results, a minimum design standard was established to increase the amount of work required to improve the path (Al-Tabbaa Gadd and Ankrah 2013, respectively).

Footpath width, clearance above footpath, gradient, and surfacing of footpath are the most important design standards.

The entire Quota park tender document was reviewed. It was determined that the width of the footpath should depend on how many people use it. There is 2.5m clearance above the path for a cycle and 1.2m clearance for walking. (Jakubowski & Moore 2015).

The path has a minimum radius of 2.4m.

The footpath’s gradient and surface are dependent on the type of transport used.

To obtain the necessary information about the improvements required for the footpath, a technical survey is conducted.

To identify the problem, the community group should take a walk along the footpath (Savino & Mazza 2014).

Next, record the problems.

The measurements are taken at distances and gradients.

Also recorded are details about soil type, availability and ownership.

The improvement areas are identified and possible methods for improving them are developed. This information is then presented to the community at the planning stage (Kovach & Fredendall 2014).

To make improvements to the tender document, a project proposal is prepared.

This will include improvement areas, estimates of resources, ongoing maintenance and planning and design meetings.

The proposal must be based on the plan, which includes a good estimation of the labour inputs, tools and materials needed to complete the project work (Lleo et al.

These guidelines include labour-based construction of the footpath and main excavation.

The project manager decides that he will follow certain construction steps in order to improve the plan.

First, the path must be drawn. This involves determining the alignment of the path to ensure a good quality path and minimal work (Copeland Zarbo, Varney 2016, Varney).

While the path can be followed as it is, there are times when it is necessary to alter it.

The poles are placed at intervals of 5-10m from the centreline.

Next, measure the formation width for the park.

The second step is to clear the area and then to grubbing it (Willar & Willar 2017,).

The formation width of the footpath is cleared of all rocks. Next, it’s time to dig out the bush stumps.

The third step involves excavating the level.

The goal is to create a level foundation and balance the excavation with the fill.

The fourth step involves marking out and excavating drains, followed by the formation of the plug.

Footpath construction has a major impact on the environment. Therefore, it is important to use good environmental practices for both construction and improvement.

To prevent erosion, it involves carefully constructing drain outlets (Al-Tabbaa Gadd and Ankrah 2013,).

Spreading water should be done to reduce the flow rate and allow water to sink into the ground.

To prevent erosion from happening, it is possible to use regular techniques.

To prevent erosion, plants with deep spreading roots can be planted.

These should be prepared before planting, and then ensure that they are in place once the plants have settled into the soil.

To keep the plants in place until they can support themselves, you can use wooden stakes to anchor them to the ground (Savino & Mazza 2014).

It is important to consider the environment when designing improvements to the footpath. This will ensure that the Quota park footpath remains safe and healthy.

As a method of construction improvement in the Quota Park Shared Footpath plan, total quality management is employed.

It’s used to improve the performance of each individual and ensure customer satisfaction (Jakubowski & Moore 2015).

The key factor in quality management is customer focus.

It meets customer requirements, provides a framework, culture, and environment that allows customers to fulfill their needs.

It is possible to reduce costly reworks while ensuring that the final products meet the needs of end users by ensuring high quality at each stage (Kovach & Fredendall 2014).

It is important that the improvement plan for the project plan includes senior staff as well as stakeholder participation in the assessment phase.

The client is asked to provide feedback on the improvement plan in order to make it more effective.

After receiving feedback from customers and senior management, the final implementation of the improvement plans is completed.

This improvement does not only make travel by foot more efficient and easier, but also addresses the need to provide access to alternative transport options such as bicycles.

Based on the experience of workers, training is needed (Madgunda and al.

Workers lack the technical skills necessary to provide quality work.

Training is required for technical techniques like profile checking and stone laying.

Excavating and leveling are the most common tasks in construction of a footpath. Workers need to be trained to use these tools.

To ensure workers are able to use the best tools for construction, they should be provided with on-the-job training.

Training courses are offered to community workers who are responsible for overseeing the maintenance of the improvements after they are completed.


To manage the changes in the ways, it is necessary to provide consistent support.

It is essential to arrange the work in a way that will allow customers to upgrade.

The planning stages include technical issues such as identifying the clients and the capabilities of the pathway, determining the benchmarks and changing the development plan. It also includes the estimation of assets and the checking of work.

To make changes to the fragile archive, a project proposal is created.

It will include change territories, estimations of assets, continuous support and arranging and configuration meetings.

It is necessary to include good estimates of the work’s contributions, as well as apparatuses and additional materials.

The main element of an improvement plan is customer focus.

It provides the client with preconditions, a framework, culture, and conditions to fulfill their needs.

It ensures that each stage is of high quality, minimizing costly reworks, and that the final products meet the client’s needs.

Refer to

Al-Tabbaa O., Gadd K. and Ankrah S.

Excellence models for non-profit organizations: Strategies for continuous improvement.

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management 30(5), pp.590-612.

Construction Environmental Management Plan.

Sustainable Housing and Building Materials For Low-Income Households.

J Archit Eng Tech 5(158), page 2.

Copeland J., Zarbo R. and Varney R. (2016).

Deviation Management: Continuous Improvement System for Defect Management.

American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 146 (suppl_1).

Total quality management.

John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Goetsch, D.L.

Organization excellence requires quality management.

Upper Saddle River (NJ): pearson.

Jakubowski (P.) and Moore (S.), 2015, November.

Enterprise Risk Management: A journey to improve nuclear decommissioning.

Asset Management Conference 2015 (pp.

Kovach, J.V.

The Managerial Impacts on Learning and Continuous Improvement.

The Journal for Quality and Participation 37(2), p. 25.

Lleo A., Viles E., Jurburg D., and Lomas L. 2017.

Middle manager trustworthiness can be used to increase employee participation and commitment for continuous improvement.

Total Quality Management & Business Excellence. pp.1-15.

2015, Kasera, R.

Steps in the Requirement Stage for Waterfall Model.

International journal of computer and mathematical sciences, pp.86–87.

Martin, K. and Osterling M., 2014.

Value stream mapping: How to visualize work and align leaders for organizational transformation.

Text with cases. Total quality management and operational excellence.

Rahman, M.M. Hamid, M., and Islam, M.T. (2016)

Continuous School Improvement Plan for Quality Education at the Light of Pedagogy. An Action Research.

A holistic approach to continuous improvement: Toward environmental sustainability and quality sustainability.

IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 61.1(1), pp. 171-181.

Singh, D., Thakur A. and Chaudhary A. (2015).

Comparison of Incremental and Waterfall Software Development Life Cycle Models.

International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology 2(04).

Willar D. and Willar D., 2017.

The development of attributes to evaluate construction project-based performance.

The TQM Journal, 29, (2), pp.369-384.

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